How to form plural of nouns

When we write in English one thing which are commonly used are plural nouns. But How to form plural of nouns is one problem which many people face while writing.

In this blog, we will understand all the rules and methods to make plural noun of singular noun. There are many rules to make plural. Even the pronunciation of singular and plural nouns are different. Just like other rules, there are exception to plural making rules also.

This may look overwhelming right now. But, In this blog The rules and how do they work are mentioned in simplified manner. You can also refer to google in case you need to find more.

The rules are as follows:

  • Plural for regular nouns

In the case of regular nouns, We simply need to add ‘-s’ to the end of the noun.

For eg    –    Cat — Cats

–    House — Houses

–    Apple — Apples

–    Cassette — Cassettes

But, Exceptions are always there.

 

  • Plural of nouns ending with ‘-s’, ‘-sh’, ‘-ch’, ‘-ss’, ‘-z’, ‘-x’, ‘-o’

     

In this case we just need to add ‘-es’. This basically creates a new syllable in the word.

For eg    –     Crush — Crushes

–     Church — Churches

–     Box — Boxes

–     Dish — Dishes

–     Loss — Losses

 

  • Plural of nouns ending with ‘-f ‘ or ‘-fe’

In this case we need to remove ‘-f’ or ‘-fe’ and add ‘-ves’.

For eg    –     Knife — Knives

–      Wife — Wives

–       Life — Lives

–      Leaf — Leaves

 

  • Plural of nouns ending with a consonant and then ‘-y’

In this case we need to remove ‘-y’ and add ‘-ies’.

For eg    –     Spy — Spies

–     Apply — Applies

–     Copy — Copies

 

  • Plural of nouns ending with a vowel and then ‘-y’

In this case we need to add ‘-s’.

For eg    –     Boy — Boys

–     Day — Days

–     Pay — Pays

 

  • Plural of nouns ending with ‘-o’

In this case we need to add ‘-s’.

For eg    –     Disco — Discos

–     Piano — Pianos

–     Photo — Photos

        Exception to this is when we add ‘-es’

For eg    –     Potato — Potatoes

–     Tomato — Tomatoes

–     Hero — Heroes

 

  • Plural of nouns ending with ‘-on’

In this case we need to remove ‘-on’ and add ‘-a’.

For eg    –     Criterion — Criteria

–     Phenomenon — Phenomena

 

  • Plural of nouns ending with ‘-is’

In this case we need to remove ‘-is’ and add ‘-es’.

For eg    –     Axis — Axes

–     Crisis — Crises

–     Oasis — Oases

 

  • Plural of nouns ending with ‘-us’

In this case we need to remove ‘-us’ and add ‘-i’.

For eg    –     Fungus — Fungi

–     Cactus — Cacti

–     Stimulus — Stimuli

 

  • Noun with same singular and plural forms

Here nothing changes. They remain same.

For eg    –     Sheep

–     Deer

–     Fish

  • Noun with only plural form

Here the noun will always be used as plural. There is no singular form in these cases. Generally, These works in pair. But, exceptions are always there.

For eg    –     Scissors

–     Shorts

–     Jeans

 

  • Noun with only Singular form

Here the noun will always be used as singular. There is no Plural form and are called mass nouns. Generally, These are used to refer to groups or abstract noun.

For eg    –     News

–     Slang

–     Love

–     Livestock

 

  • Exceptions are always there, So here also there are some exceptions where no rule is followed for making plural nouns.

For eg    –     Child — Children

–    Mouse — Mice

–    Man — Men

–    Die — Dice

So, all the rules mentioned above will clear doubts about how to form plural nouns. You can simply learn these rules. Most of the issues of forming plural nouns will be solved.

If you want to learn more about how to avoid common spelling mistakes click on the link.

 

Linked video:
How to Learn English at home? – https://www.anjujindal.com/post/how-to-learn-english-at-home-2
How to become a better communicator? – https://www.anjujindal.com/post/how-to-become-a-better-communicator-1
I have got more career and communication advice and inspiration for you at www.anjujindal.com
The famous courses I have for people are Fearless communicator blueprint, Career growth blueprint.
To know about the same just message “course” by clicking on this link https://tinyurl.com/yd7t5d4p
Get more Anjs updates:
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Anjujindal01/
LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/anju-jindal-life-and-career-coach-44360159/
Twitter: https://twitter.com/anjujindal?s=09
Podcast: https://anchor.fm/anju-jindal
Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/anju_jindal_life_career_coach/
YouTube link : https://youtu.be/RL90rYDAu_o
About the Author: Anju Jindal
Anju is a trainer, entrepreneur, and career growth specialist who helps students, working professionals, women, and Job seekers to reach out to their goals by implementing a Career Growth plan.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *